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  • Outline done in correct format, complete with annoyed works cited (minimum 4 resources)

  • Audience Opinion Poll (necessary)

  • How Prepared Are You?

  • Choose a topic about which you have strong feelings or convictions with the intent of persuading or influencing an audience. Select a general purpose to convince or to actuate.


In persuasive speeches, it is important to use both sound logic and verifiable evidence for audience to swayed or convinced to a speaker's view. Emotional appeals are effective in capturing audience interest and/or commitment. Make sure you use noteworthy, truthful, unbiased , and reliable sources.

Logical Evidence and Proff

  • Must support the proposition

  • Must be supportable and verifiable

  • Must have impact on audience

  • Must have basis in fact

Emotional Appeals

  • Personal feelings or observations

  • Visualization of experiencces

  • Description of vivid examples

  • Focusing on need factors

To Convince

  • To cause the audience to believe the speaker's proposition through ethical, logical, and emotional appeals

To Actuate

  • Using the same appeals, causing the audience to move to a specific action. It seeks the commitment and active support of the audience.

What does speech to convince mean?

  • It is the speech that ask the audience to adopt a mental attitude of agreement with the speaker's ideas. 

  • While a speech to convince does not ask the audience to perform a specific action, acceptance of the speaker's positions may lead the audience to further actions which takes place at some point in the future. In a convincing speech, however, that was not speaker's intent.

  • Speech to Convince attempt to modify, change, or reinforce audience beliefs, values, or attitudes by using effective data.

What does speech to actuate mean?

  • Speech to Actuate motivates the audience to perform a specific action related to the solution. The speaker's intent here is to move the audience to DO something.

BODY (write down your chosen method)


Have you chosen Statement of Reasons. Problem-Solution, or Comparative Advantages for convincing speeches? Have you selected Monore's Motivated for Sequence for an actuating speech?​

I.    Main point  (complete with supporting subpoenas and details and citations}

II.  Main point

You will include internal and external transitions by writing them in the body of the outline.

Inn addition, parenthetical documentation within the outline itself is required. After writing down  detail (fact, statistic, example, and quotation), follow it with a citation of the source from which it came. For example:

1.  180 were held hostage (Time 92).

Then the reader checks the works Cited list for full information concerning the publication.


I.       Restate Thesis

II.      Review of main points/summary

III.     Clincher - close with something creative that will leave a lasting impression.

Work Cited:

  • Consult a minimum of four research sources

  • You must provide an annotation for each. 

Opposing View Point

  • Mention the other side of the issue

  • Show how it is wrong/inappropriate

Means of Persuasion


  • Trust, belief, and confidence in the speaker

  • Sincere and knowledgeable in the issue

  • You became the our expert in the topic

PATHOS (Emotional)

  • Feel strongly about your subject

  • Appeal to the heart - human rights abuse

  • Make a connection with audience with a passionate terms

LOGOS (Logical)

  • Build a case much like a lawyer would

  • Clear, correct information: use statistics, examples/cases, studies, expert testimony, definition, research, facts, stories/anecdotes, opinion polls/surveys, quotes, or personal interview with expert

MYTHOS (Story to make the point)

Speaker & Credibility

The 3 Cs: Characters, Competence, Charisma


  • Honesty, Trustworthy, Sincere, Ethical, Caring


  • Expert, Well informed, well prepared, Intelligent, Researched well


  • Energetic, Appropriate Expression, Passion, Practiced, Delivered, Confidence (a subject you know)

Your Outline should contain each one of the headings that follow:

Title:    Instead of using a topic name, create a cash title which will speak the interest of your listeners.

General Purpose:

  • To convince or to actuate (you decide)

Proposition of________________: (Fill in the blank with fact, value, or policy). Then follow it with your statement of belief / your position on the topic. This is like the specific purpose statement of your previous speeches.


  • Attention getter

  • Thesis statement - state your position on the subject

  • Significance of the topics - Explain to the audience why this is relevant to them.

  Or II.  Significance

       III. Thesis


Method of Organization

Statement of Reasons   

I.       Pessimistic Reasons

II.      Skeptical Reasons

III.     Optimistic Reasons

For Ex. Why the international order still remains unfound?

Problem and Solution


I.   Two Parts Body

Comparative Advantage (Several solutions: good, better, and save best for last)

Monoe's Motivated Sequence

I .  Introduction: Attention getter

II.   Body:

  • ​ Need ​

  • Satisfacation (to solve)

  • Visualization (for future)

  • Conclusion: Action

Research (supporting Materials / Evidence)

  • Use Research to Support Your Views

  • At least Four Sources - Make a Claim,  Support with Evidence

           1) Person - add title for credibility

           2) Test/Study -when it took place, where, who, did                it

  • Define technical terms

  • Photo - name source where you found it

  • Accurate, credible, and relevant - VALID, not plagiarized

BODY (write down your chosen method)

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